Ten Basic Tips for Family Communication
By Fr. Gregory Wingenbach
"You never ever understand me" and "there's no use trying to talk with you" are the most familiar expressions heard by parents. Usually, there is some truth to it because parents are adults of one generation, and the children of another. . . and because our fast-paced society simply doesn't foster parent/child communication.
When there's no communication or attention at home, some children will take up with the "wrong crowd," act up at school, wind up experimenting with drugs, or run away from home. Parents, in turn, ask: "why didn't they come to us about it?"
We have to ask ourselves, as parents, "Do we create the climate for communication in our home?" From the "College of Hard Knocks" experience - here are 10 basic tips:
- Take time out
to listen and discuss - Don't be too busy to listen to what your child has
to say. What may be minor or inconsequential to you could be vitally important
right now to your child. When your boy or girl is enthusiastic about something,
share it, talk about it. Build up, don't undermine his or her enthusiasm,
creativity and curiosity. Show you're interested. Also let them know that
interest and discussion is a "two-way" street.
- Don't always
disapprove; avoid sarcasm - If a child finds out that what he or she says,
or does, or likes is going to be "put down," soon he'll not communicate
at all. After all, who wants to feel inferior every time he says something?
A young person wants to be accepted, not rejected.
- Keep your promises
- Try your best not to make promises you doubt you can really keep. Want to
lose your child's (or anyone's) respect fast? Say you'll do something, and
then for your own convenience or less-than-important reason, fail to come
through after the other person has built up his or her hopes. This is a really
serious "let-down" and the other person, child or adult, begins
to lose faith in you. It's extremely important that your child respect you
and see you as trustworthy.
questioning is healthy - Allow your child to disagree with you on a subject.
Don't be afraid or ashamed to admit that you don't have all the answers 'to
everything. As children enter their teen years, they begin to explore other
value systems; they question "pat" answers and they usually try
testing them first on their parents. No matter how distasteful it may seem
to you, let them express the way they feel. Emphasize mutual respect, tone
of voice, and they'll feel they can come back to you "in a crunch."
- Don't be quick
to reject your child's friends or associations - Seldom are youthful peers
- or their ways - totally acceptable to the parents or other adults. Again,
youth are searching, exploring, learning. Requiring certain "basic,"
standards, yet accepting their differences with adult culture, will usually
assure that your child will, a) have some genuine and normal peer associations
and yet, b) listen to you when you're really forced to object to aberrant
behavior and activities on the part of your children and/or their associates.
- Don't be afraid
to say "NO" - Your child expects standards and guidance, both positively
and negatively. He needs to know "the limits" that society realistically
will set for him. But choose carefully the times when "no" is the
answer; bend and balance "the rule" to meet your child's legitimate
human needs and expectations. Show children that adults can be human, consistent,
understanding, and reasonable in the "yes" and the "no"
- Build up self-esteem
- Regularly compliment, praise, hug, show affection for both your children
and your spouse. This will reinforce both your child's sense of belonging
and self-esteem, and your "role model." A good self-image, knowing
that he or she is "someone of value" allows the child to feel good
about himself and stand on his own two feet. When the child feels that way,
he or she can - on their own - say "no," when necessary, to peer
- Don't "preach
at" or "nag" your child - The surest way to stifle parent-child
communication and the learning of solid life-values is to preach at, nag or
constantly moralize over our child's behavior. Don't hesitate - at appropriate
times - to share religious, moral and ethical values. But it isn't necessary
or helpful to pontificate every time they do something you disapprove of.
- Take time out
to play together - Family activities, sharing in the child's interests and
play are very important. Always being preoccupied or too busy "formalizes"
the parent-child relationship and makes family life "no fun at all."
- Pray Together - Have a "family altar" in the home. Ask God's blessing at meal-time, work, studies and activities. Encourage your children; show the way, as parents, in praying. Receive the Lord's Sacraments together frequently.
(Adapted from articles in the Parish Monthly Bulletin of the Annunciation Church of Cranston, R.I. Appeared in The Orthodox Observer, June 3, 1987.)
Fr. Wingenbach is Director of Church and Family Life for the Greek Archdiocese, St. Basil Academy, Garrison, New York.
Taken from the OCA Resource Handbook for Lay Ministries