It Still Outranks Them All Part 2: Phases, Signs and Symptoms
By Fr. Bogdan Djurdjulov
When thinking of alcoholism and other chemical dependencies, it is helpful to think of them as a progressive condition having at least three or four phases or stages; early, middle and late, for example.
E. M. Jellinek (The Disease Concept of Alcoholism), was an early pioneer in the study of alcoholism. He cites these progressive stages: